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Jason Greenblatt’s Unique Approach to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

There was an interesting news item this week. At the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee to address the humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip, Israel presented [1] a $1 billion plan to address Gaza’s crumbling infrastructure.

The plan was presented by Israel, not by the Palestinian Authority, who is supposed to rule the Palestinians. It was not presented by anyone representing Hamas, the terrorist organization that effectively rules Gaza.

That Israel felt the need to present such a plan, in the absence of anyone doing so on behalf of the Palestinian government, suggests that the two-state solution is currently untenable. Even if Israel were to negotiate a peace agreement with the Palestinian Authority, the PA would have no means to carry out its obligations, for it has failed [2] to build the necessary institutions for statehood.

Of course, no negotiations are going on between Israel and the Palestinians. PA President Mahmoud Abbas, angered over the President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, last month denounced [3] the United States and said that he would not participate in any American-led peace efforts.

But just because no talks are going on, it doesn’t mean that the two sides aren’t working together. If his words and actions in the year since he was appointed Assistant to the President and Special Representative for International Negotiations by President Donald Trump are any indication, Jason Greenblatt seems intent on fostering cooperation between the two sides, especially in areas that can improve the lives of Palestinians.

This past week saw the installation of a cargo scanner at the Allenby Bridge crossing into Jordan. It is expected to double the number of containers that cross the border between Israel and Jordan to 200 each day.

Palestinian Authority (PA) National Economy Minister Abeer Odeh said of the new arrangements, “the new mechanism will save exporters and importers a lot of efforts and costs and will facilitate the trade movement, which will contribute to the development of various economic sectors in Palestine.”

Speaking at the ceremony, Israeli Finance Minister Moshe Kahlon said that Greenblatt “supports and is pressing to continue to advance things. We see in Greenblatt and in the United States central, important and fair mediators and the only ones to advance cooperation in the region.”

In July, Greenblatt was on hand as Israel and the Palestinian Authority signed [4] an agreement that would involve Israel selling the PA 33 million cubic meters of water a year.

In touting the water deal, Greenblatt said:

This agreement is an example of the parties working together to make a mutually beneficial deal. In fact this is the second important agreement reached between the Israelis and Palestinians this week, the first being the agreement to energize the Jenin electrical substation, which was signed on Monday. That agreement came about with the strong support of the Trump administration and other international partners and provides another example of cooperation between Israelis and Palestinians that will lead to economic improvements in the lives of Palestinians, who now, in the span of one week, benefited from agreements that provide key improvements in the critical areas of water and electricity.

A week later, Seth Siegel, an expert on water issues, noted that the Palestinians had refused to work with Israel on any water projects since 2008. The PA’s refusal to cooperate with Israel was a cynical attempt to put Israel in a bad light, but while Israelis living in the West Bank were impacted by the reduction in water projects, “the Palestinians suffered more.”

While Israel and the PA don’t appear any closer to a peace agreement than when Trump took office, Greenblatt is trying to assure that they work together more.

In a Jewish Telegraphic Agency profile [5] of Greenblatt that was published in December, Daniel Shapiro, the U.S. Ambassador to Israel under President Barack  Obama, praised him, saying, “Greenblatt has made a universally positive impression among Israelis and Palestinians as serious, creative, empathetic and dedicated to the cause of peace.”

In addition to the people skills that Shapiro’s praise pointed to, a White House official outlined the Trump administration’s view of an eventual peace. “However the peace agreement shakes out at the end of the day will be in one in which the two societies are connected economically and otherwise,” an anonymous official told JTA. “We can’t do this from afar, we have to go there to see interactions, how the economics can work out, how business is conducted on the two sides.”

Clearly, Greenblatt appears willing to discard the old theology [6] of peace talks. Instead of focusing on political talks, which, in the past, have been marked by distrust and blame, Greenblatt appears more interested in showing Palestinians that there are benefits to cooperating with Israel under the auspices of the United States. He and the Trump administration appear to be emphasizing the promotion of coexistence over political talks.

The question is whether this new approach will succeed where the focus on the political has failed.

[Photo: U.S. Embassy Tel Aviv / YouTube]